All terms are defined in the context of cancer
Advanced-stage: a cancer that has spread past the site of origin to other organs.
Bone marrow: the spongy tissue found in larger bones such as hip and thighs and that produces blood cells.
Cell-cycle: the process during which cells grow, duplicate their DNA and divide.
Cell: the basic building block of all organisms.
Chemotherapy: treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells or stop their growth.
Clinical Trial: research investigation that tests new treatments on patients.
Database: a collection of computer files.
DNA: the biological material that carries genetic information an organism needs to develop, live and reproduce.
Drug: a medicine used for treatment.
FDA (Food and Drug Administration): US agency that regulates pharmaceutical drugs.
Gene: a portion of DNA that carries instructions to make proteins.
High-risk: a cancer that is likely to come back.
Immune system: the body’s defence against infection.
in vitro: a study conducted outside of a living organism (e.g. test tube, culture dish).
in vivo: a study conducted in animals.
Metastasis: a cancer that has spread to another part of the body.